Roy O. Disney

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Roy O. Disney
Roy O. Disney with Company at Press Conference.jpg
Disney in 1965
Born
Roy Oliver Disney

(1893-06-24)June 24, 1893
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
DiedDecember 20, 1971(1971-12-20) (aged 78)
Burial placeForest Lawn Memorial Park, Los Angeles, California, U.S.
OccupationEntertainment industry executive
OfficeCEO of The Walt Disney Company
Term1929-1971
PredecessorPosition established
SuccessorDonn Tatum
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)
Edna Francis
(m. 1925)
ChildrenRoy E. Disney
Parents
RelativesSee Disney family

Roy Oliver Disney (/ˈdɪzni/;[1] June 24, 1893 – December 20, 1971)[2] was an American businessman and co-founder of The Walt Disney Company. He was the older brother of Walt Disney.

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Roy was born to Irish-Canadian Elias Charles Disney and English-German-American Flora Call Disney in Chicago, Illinois. The family moved to Marceline, Missouri and to Kansas City in 1911. On July 1, 1911, Elias purchased a newspaper delivery route for The Kansas City Star. It extended from 27th Street to the 31st Street, and from Prospect Avenue to Indiana Avenue. Roy and his brother, Walt worked as newspaper delivery-boys.[3] The family delivered the morning newspaper, The Kansas City Times, to approximately 700 customers, and The Kansas City Star to more than 600. The number of customers served increased with time.[4]

Roy graduated from the Manual Training High School of Kansas City in 1912. He left the paper delivery route and worked on a farm in the summer. He was then employed as a bank clerk along with brother Raymond Arnold Disney at the First National Bank of Kansas City.[4]


Roy served in the United States Navy from 1917 to 1919.[4] Roy contracted tuberculosis and was therefore discharged from military duty. He relocated to Los Angeles and worked as a banker while recuperating in hospital.[5] In 1923, brother Walt joined Roy in Hollywood and the two planned the start of Disney Brothers Studio.[6] The brothers ordered kit houses from Los Angeles-based Pacific Ready Cut Homes, and in 1928, built their homes adjacently on Lyric Avenue in the Los Feliz neighborhood.[7]

Walt Disney Productions[edit]

While Walt led the creative side, Roy guided the business side and finances.[3] Together Roy and Walt founded Disney Studios as brothers, but Walt later bought out most of Roy's share in 1929[8] so, unlike Max and Dave Fleischer of rival Fleischer Studios, Roy was not a co-producer. However, Roy was an equal partner in all facets of the production company.

Roy became the company's first CEO in 1929, although the official title was not given to him until 1966. He also shared the role of chairman of the board with Walt from 1945. In 1960, Walt dropped the chairman title so he could focus more on the creative aspects of the company. After Walt's death in 1966, Roy postponed his retirement to oversee construction of what was then known as Disney World.[5] He later renamed it Walt Disney World as a tribute to his brother. Roy became the president of Walt Disney Productions from December 15, 1966, until 1968.

Personal life[edit]

Roy was married to Edna Francis from April 1925 until his death.[9] Their son, Roy Edward Disney, was born on January 10, 1930.[citation needed] Throughout his life, Roy rejected the publicity and fame that came with being Walt's brother. Roy's nephew Charles Elias Disney chose to name his son Charles Roy Disney in Roy's honor.[10]

Death[edit]

Roy O. Disney's star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame

After the opening of Walt Disney World in October 1971, Roy finally retired. He died, aged 78, on December 20, 1971, from an intracranial hemorrhage. He is interred in Forest Lawn Memorial Park (Hollywood Hills) next to his wife Edna Francis Disney in Los Angeles.[11]

Legacy[edit]

Walt Disney World Railroad No. 4 Roy O. Disney

One of the Walt Disney World Railroad locomotives was named after Roy.[12] On June 6, 2002, his son Roy E. Disney rededicated this locomotive in his father's honor.[13] As of 2016, this locomotive turned a hundred years old.[14] One of the Hong Kong Disneyland Railroad locomotives is also named the Roy O. Disney.[15]

The Roy O. Disney Concert Hall, the primary performance space for the Herb Alpert School of Music at the California Institute of the Arts (of which Disney was a benefactor), is named after him.

A statue of Roy seated on a park bench beside Minnie Mouse is located in the Town Square section of Main Street, U.S.A., at the Magic Kingdom theme park in Florida.[16] A duplicate is located outside the Team Disney building at Disney's corporate headquarters in Burbank, California. There is a third statue at the Tokyo Disneyland theme park. The Roy O. Disney Suite is located on the top floor of the Hong Kong Disneyland Hotel.

In 2014, Roy O. Disney was portrayed in the feature film Walt Before Mickey by Jon Heder.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Disney, Walt | Definition of Disney, Walt by Lexico". Lexico Dictionaries | English. Archived from the original on October 24, 2019. Retrieved October 24, 2019.
  2. ^ Jones, Jack (December 21, 1971). "Roy O. Disney". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 24, 2014.
  3. ^ a b "Roy O. Disney". latimes.com. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  4. ^ a b c Barrier, Michael (2008). The Animated Man: A Life of Walt Disney. Berkeley, Calif.: Univ. of California Press. pp. 18–20. ISBN 9780520256194. OCLC 254461789.
  5. ^ a b "Gentle Visionary: Roy O. Disney". The Walt Disney Family Museum. October 1, 2016. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  6. ^ Queen, Chris (June 28, 2013). "Roy Disney: The Not-So-Silent Partner". PJ Media. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  7. ^ Pollard-Terry, Gayle (July 16, 2006). "12,000 easy pieces". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 7, 2017.
  8. ^ Tewari, Lata (June 24, 2020). "The Success of Roy O. Disney & Walt Disney Company". Open Naukri. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
  9. ^ Daniel (August 1, 2009). "Disney's Magic Makers: Edna Francis Disney". Netcot.com. Archived from the original on April 1, 2012. Retrieved October 31, 2012.
  10. ^ Wickman, Gino; Winters, Mark C. (2015). Rocket Fuel The One Essential Combination That Will Get You More of What You Want from Your Business. New York: BenBella Books, Inc. ISBN 9781941631164. OCLC 904407202.
  11. ^ Wilson, Scott; Mank, Gregory W. (2016). Resting Places: The Burial Sites of More Than 14,000 Famous Persons. 1 (3rd ed.). Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company. ISBN 9780786479924. OCLC 948561021.
  12. ^ DeFeo, Todd (July 31, 2015). "A Closer Look at the Roy O. Disney at Walt Disney World". Railfanning.org. Archived from the original on February 17, 2017. Retrieved May 20, 2017.
  13. ^ Campbell, Michael (Summer 2002). "Roy E. Disney Rededicates Father's Engine" (PDF). Carolwood Chronicle. Carolwood Pacific Historical Society. pp. 1–2. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 27, 2017. Retrieved May 27, 2017.
  14. ^ Broggie, Michael (Winter 2016). "View from the Cupola" (PDF). Carolwood Chronicle. The Carolwood Society. p. 7. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 20, 2017. Retrieved May 28, 2017.
  15. ^ "All aboard the Hong Kong Disneyland Railroad". September 6, 2016.
  16. ^ Eades, Mark (December 22, 2016). "Remembering Roy O. Disney, Walt Disney's brother, 45 years after his death". Orange County Register. Retrieved March 24, 2019.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Business positions
Preceded by
First CEO
CEO of The Walt Disney Company
position created–1971
Succeeded by
Donn Tatum
Preceded by
Walt Disney
Disney President
1945–1968
Succeeded by
Donn Tatum
Preceded by
position vacant
Disney Chairman
1964–1971
Succeeded by
Donn Tatum