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|Minister of Home Affairs|
|Prime Minister||Rajiv Gandhi|
|Preceded by||P. V. Narasimha Rao|
|Succeeded by||Mufti Mohammad Sayeed|
|Minister of AgricultureMinister of Rural Development|
|Prime Minister||Rajiv Gandhi|
|Governor of Bihar|
|Succeeded by||Gopalkrishna Gandhi|
|Chairman National Commission for Scheduled Castes|
|Prime Minister||Manmohan Singh|
|Preceded by||Suraj Bhan|
|Succeeded by||P. L. Punia|
|Minister of Parliamentary Affairs Minister of Sports|
|Prime Minister||Indira Gandhi|
|Chairman Asian Games Special Organizing Committee|
|Prime Minister||Indira Gandhi|
|Minister of Civil Supplies, Consumer Affairs and Public Distribution|
|Prime Minister||P.V. Narasimha Rao|
|Born||21 March 1934|
Mustafapur, Jalandhar district, Punjab
|Political party||Indian National Congress|
|Children||Arvinder Singh Lovely|
|Relatives||Kuldeep Singh Vaid (nephew)|
|Residence||11Teen Murti Marg New Delhi|
Buta Singh (born 21 March 1934) is an Indian politician and a senior leader of the Indian National Congress. He was the Union Home Minister of India, Governor of Bihar and was chairman of the National Commission for Scheduled Castes from 2007–2010.
Buta Singh was born on 21 March 1934 in Mazhabi Sikh family at Mustafapur, Jalandhar district, Punjab, British India. He was educated at Lyallpur Khalsa College in Jalandhar, from where he was awarded a B.A. (Hons), and at Guru Nanak Khalsa College in Bombay, where he earned a M.A. Singh then gained a Ph.D. from Bundelkhand University. He married Manjit Kaur in 1964; the couple had three children.
Buta Singh was first elected to the Indian Parliament from the Sadhna constituency. He has been involved with the Congress party since Jawaharlal Nehru was Prime Minister and he was close to former Indian Prime Ministers Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi. He has been elected eight times as a member of the Lok Sabha in 3rd, 4th, 5th, 7th, 8th, 10th, 12th and 13th Lok Sabha. He became General Secretary of the All India Congress Committee (AICC) General Secretary (1978-1980), Home Minister of India and later Governor of Bihar (2004-2006). Other portfolios that he has held include those for railways, commerce, parliamentary affairs, sports, shipping, agriculture, communications and housing. He was chairman of the National Commission for Scheduled Castes (ranked as Cabinet Minister) from 2007–2010.
He has written a book Punjabi Speaking State - A Critical Analysis and a collection of articles on Punjabi literature and Sikh history. Indira Ganhi chose him to select a new party symbol when Congress was split. He was very closely involved with her in Operation Blue Star and as a minister he oversaw reconstruction of the Golden Temple following that exercise. His name was also in the finalists for the post of President of India along with Giani Zail Singh in the Indira era. He was also the chairperson of Asian Games organizing committee when the competition was held in India in 1982.
In 1998, as Communications Minister he was indicted in the JMM bribery case, and forced to resign.
As the Governor of Bihar, Singh's decision to recommend the dissolution of the Bihar Assembly in 2005 was sharply criticised by the Supreme Court of India. The court ruled that Singh had acted in haste and misled the federal cabinet because he did not want a particular party claiming to form the government, to come to power. Singh however claimed that the party was resorting to unfair means to secure support to form the government. On 26 January 2006 Singh sent a fax to Abdul Kalam offering to resign his post. The next day he left office and was replaced temporarily by West Bengal governor Gopalkrishna Gandhi.
- 1962 : Elected to 3rd Lok Sabha.Moga
- 1966-68 : Member, Public Accounts Committee.
- 1967 : Re-elected to 4th Lok Sabha (2nd term)Ropar (Lok Sabha constituency)
- 1971 : Re-elected to 5th Lok Sabha (3rd term).Ropar (Lok Sabha constituency)
- 1971 : Chairman, Committee on the Welfare of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes
- 1973-74 : Convenor, All India Congress Committee (Indira) [AICC(I)], Harijan Cell.
- 1974-76 : Union Deputy Minister, Railways.
- 1976-77 : Union Deputy Minister, Commerce.
- 1978-80 : General-Secretary, AICC(I).
- 1980 : Re-elected to 7th Lok Sabha (4th term).Ropar (Lok Sabha constituency)
- 1980-82 : Union Minister of State, Shipping and Transport.
- 1982 : Union Minister of State, Supply and Rehabilitation (Independent Charge).
- 1982-83 : Union Minister of State, Supply and Sports (Independent Charge).
- 1983-84 : Union Cabinet Minister, Parliamentary Affairs, Sports and Works and Housing.
- 1984 : Re-elected to 8th Lok Sabha (5th term).Jalore (Lok Sabha constituency)
- 1984-85 : Union Cabinet Minister, Agriculture and Rural Development.
- 1985-86 : Union Cabinet Minister, Agriculture.
- 1986-89 : Union Cabinet Minister, Home Affairs.
- 1991 : Re-elected to 10th Lok Sabha (6th term).Jalore (Lok Sabha constituency)
- 1994-95 : Chairman, Parliamentary Committee on Defence.
- 1995-96 : Union Cabinet Minister, Civil Supplies, Consumer Affairs and Public Distribution.
- 1998 : Re-elected to 12th Lok Sabha (7th term).Jalore (Lok Sabha constituency)
- Mar-Apr' 1998: Union Cabinet Minister, Communications.
- 1998-99 : Member, Committee on Subordinate Legislation and Member, Committee on Finance.
- 1999 : Re-elected to 13th Lok Sabha (8th term).Jalore (Lok Sabha constituency)
- 1999-2000 : Member, Committee of Privileges and Member, Committee on Communications.
- 1999-2001 : Member, Committee on the Welfare of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.
- 2002-2003 : Chairman, Public Accounts Committee, Room No.-51, Parliament House, New Delhi.
- 2004-2006 : Governor Of Bihar
- 2006-2007 : Permanent Invitee Congress Working Committee
- 2007-2010 : Chairman National Commission For Schedule Cast (rank of Cabinet Minister)
- "Decline and fall of Buta Singh". Deccan Herald. 11 September 2009. Retrieved 3 June 2020.
- "Hon'ble Governor of Bihar - Sardar Buta Singh". National Informatics Centre, India. Archived from the original on 3 February 2008. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 23 April 2014. Retrieved 23 April 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Viswanathan, Prema (21 April 1998). "Hegde rules out resignation, defends Vajpayee". The Indian Express. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 24 September 2015.
- Sharma, Avinash (28 February 2009). "Bihar Assembly Dissolution Case". Legal Service India. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015.
- Verma, Avnindra Kumar (2009). Political Science, Class XI. New Delhi: Rahul Jain (V.K. (India) Enterprises). p. 146. ISBN 978-81-89597-13-9.
- "Bihar governor offers resignation". BBC News. 26 January 2006. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
- "Veteran politician R S Gavai new Bihar Governor". One India. Greynium Information Technologies Pvt. Ltd. 22 June 2006. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015.